The Giara plateau, known as "JARA", is a vast region in the heart of Sardinia, occupying 42 square kilometres, and at the altitude of 550 meters above sea level. The Italian name Giara and the Sardinian name Jara are used to indicate the basaltic plateaus or flat heights. The Giara began its formation in the Miocene 20-25 million years ago, when sedimentary rocks formed as the area was still submerged in the sea.
From the summit of the Giara plateau during our excursions, you can enjoy a dominant view over a large part of the Sardinian territory, in particular the Marmilla, an area characterized by rolling fertile hills, mainly cultivated with wheat, but where flocks of pure white sheep are often seen.
Spring in the Giara is filled with indescribable colours and scents. During our excursions through a sea of rock rose in bloom, it is not unusual to see picturesque corners covered with wild cyclamen with their lively colour, or catch a glimpse of the diverse and colourful wild orchids, and finally the “Paulis”, completely covered by pure white water buttercups.
The Park of the Giara is best known as the place where the “Cavallini di Giara” (Giara Horses), the last wild horses in Europe, find refuge. Of all the mammals living on the Giara, the Giara horse or "Equus caballus jarae" is undoubtedly the best known. As no horse fossils were found in Sardinia, it is thought that the horse was probably introduced in the nuragic or Punic periods.